Root Canal Treatment Procedure and After Care

Root Canal Treatment Procedure and After Care

Sep 01, 2019

The root canal procedure is performed to save a damaged infected tooth, instead of extracting it. This treatment is performed by an endodontist or a root canal specialist. Root canal is important when the centre part within the tooth, known as the pulp, which houses the blood vessels, living connective tissues and nerves become inflamed or infected. The most common causes of infection or tooth decay are cavities occurring due to a cracked or broken tooth due to any accidents, plaque accumulation, gum diseases, and repeated dental treatment to a particular tooth.

These problems can cause inflammation of the pulp, infection and damage the pulp tissue irreversibly. Most of the time, the person will experience excruciating pain, which may subside when the pulp dies, but most often returns as the infection spreads. A tooth’s pulp might become inflamed, irritated and infected due to repeated dental procedures on a tooth, deep decay, large fillings, a crack in the tooth, or trauma to the face. This is the reason one should visit the dentist in Columbus known as T. Lance Collier, DMD (Family practice of general dentistry) immediately if one experiences a toothache or gum pain.

Root Canal Procedure

The complete root canal procedure can be performed in one sitting, or sometimes it takes 2 or 3 sessions depending on the condition of the tooth. Each sitting might last between 30 – 90 minutes. It is quite a simple process with relatively little or no discomfort.

  • firstly, local anaesthesia is administered to the tooth which is to be treated.
  • After the tooth and the around areas become numb, the endodontist drills an opening through the crown or the biting surface of the tooth to get to the pulp chamber. If it the tooth is in front, the endodontist drills an opening from behind the tooth.
  • The endodontist cleans out the diseased, infected and dead pulp from the canals, using a special instrument. The process is painless as the area is numb due to the anaesthesia, and the tissue which is removed is dead.
  • As soon as all the dead and infected tissue is removed, the canals are disinfected using disinfectants.
  • The canals are then shaped so that they can be filled with the root canal fillings known as gutta-percha and sealed. Shaping is done using a special instrument and during the process, irrigation method is used to wash and clean the canals and remove the debris, before the fillings are inserted and the tooth is sealed.
  • A cover material which acts like a seal is placed temporary above the gutta percha. This covering material is fixed in place till a crown or a cap is fitted on top of the treated tooth.
  • Sometimes, a post is inserted into the canal next to the gutta percha to give the crown more support.
  • Lastly, the crown is cemented in place so that it never dislodges.

Precautions after a Root Canal

It is vital to get the safety crown or cap fixed over the treated tooth or teeth, whether a person avails the treatment of Root canal for one tooth or more than one tooth. The procedure of placing the crown is mostly done as a follow-up process after the Root canal treatment is done and fully completed. Cap should be placed properly, otherwise the teeth might not be protected entirely. After the treatment, it is better to avoid foods that are hard in texture or crunchy as they can hurt the temporary filling utilized to seal the treated tooth.

After the complete root canal treatment, the patient should increase the brushing time as it is very important to keep the area completely clean. One should spend ample amount of time during the course of brushing. flossing should also be done with due gentleness. Once the treatment is finished, the affected tooth will be tender hence it is better to avoid activities which includes sipping, chewing and munching on that side where the tooth is oriented.

In case the patient experiences major pain or any other issue, it is recommended to consume only those medicines which are prescribed by their dentist.

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