About TMJ Pain
TMJ which is also known as Temporomandibular joint are located on the sides of the head where the lower jaw connects to the temporal bones. These joints help in chewing your food, speaking, and yawning. When there is an issue with these joints, it can result in pain.
Treatment for TMJ Pain
If you have unexplained head or facial pain, headache or tenderness in the jaw muscles, you may be suffering from TMJ problem. The dentist can help in diagnosing and treating the TMJ pain and disorders.
Common Causes of TMJ Pain and TMD
One of the most common causes of TMJ and TMD are:
- Chronic stress held in jaw or facial muscles.
- Problem in the shape of temporomandibular joint.
- Injury in head, neck, or jaw.
- Grinding or clenching in your teeth at night also known as bruxism.
- Discoloration of soft cushion between temporomandibular ball and socket.
- Osteoarthritis in the temporomandibular joint.
Signs and Symptoms of TMD
The signs and symptoms of TMD are difficult to ignore. Following can be signs of TMD:
- Muscle tenderness or pain in the face, neck, ear, or shoulders.
- Swelling in face.
- Joint pain while yawning, chewing, or opening your mouth widely.
- Unexplained chronic headache especially if you are vulnerable to teeth grinding.
- Painful popping, clicking, or grating which occurs when you open the jaw.
- When the jaw locks in open or closed position.
- Pain around your ear or ringing in the ear.
TMJ Pain Treatment Options
There are several treatment options for treating the TMJ and TMD disorder and the dental expert will be able to suggest a treatment via thorough dental examination. They may use 3D dental cone beam imaging for diagnosis. Some therapies include:
- Physical therapy for promoting healing process
- Reshaping the teeth
- Treating the gum issues
- Splint therapy or using mouth guards to prevent grinding
- Using dental veneers, crowns, and bridges
- Dental botox
- Teeth straightening methods such as Invisalign and clear correct