When plaque, tartar and bacteria build up in the mouth, it is more than just the teeth that are at risk. The gums are highly susceptible to issues stemming from this buildup. In its early stages, issues with the gums are classified as gingivitis. During this period, the gums may be tender, red and bleed, but are not advanced to a point where they cannot be fixed. Usually, with a stricter enforcement of an oral hygiene routine and incorporating an anti-bacterial mouthwash, gingivitis can be reversed and cleared up.
When left untreated, gum disease can begin to set in. Pockets begin to from between the teeth and the gums and bacteria can get trapped. This causes damage to the gums but can also damage the roots of the teeth as well. If continued to be left untreated, gum disease can cause recession of the gums which could lead to the gums not being able to support the teeth any more.
Gum disease treatment was previously a more involved procedure, but our office is proud to incorporate soft-tissue lasers, which makes the treatment of gum disease much less painful for our patients.
The most common treatment option is called root scaling and planing. During this procedure, the roots of a tooth are completely cleaned of all built up bacteria. After they are cleaned, the roots are then planed in order to remove bumps or places that can easily trap bacteria.
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