What Is Gum Disease?

What Is Gum Disease?

Mar 18, 2019

Among different kinds of dental issues, gum disease has been noted as a common problem. How is it identified? What could be the impacts of this disease? Finding answers to these questions is important, but first it is important to know the definition of gum disease. Basically, gum disease has been referred as swelling or soreness and infection of the gum area. Generally, gum diseases are categorized into two sections. The first type is termed as gingivitis. On the other hand, the other type is referred as periodontal disease. Lance Collier, DMD offers treatment for both types of gum disease.

What Causes Gingivitis?

The cause of occurrence of gingivitis is basically the inflammation of the gum tissue. The easiest way to identify the disease is to check the gum area around the teeth. Generally, due to gingivitis you would notice that gum area has turned reddish in color. Swollen gum may also bleed, especially at the time of brushing teeth.

Guide to Periodontal Disease

The second type of gum disease is more complicated than the first type. It is basically the prolonged version of gingivitis. Due to the long lasting effect, teeth roots are severely damaged and many other complications occur for the patients. If gum disease is not treated, teeth will get weaker and eventually they will turn fragile. Such persons would lose their priceless teeth even at young ages, as warned by Lance Collier, DMD.

Causes of Gum Disease

In maximum cases, gum disease has been caused by plaque which is regarded as a collection of bacteria. Many bacteria in plaque are not harmful. In fact, they are present to decay food particles that may get stuck into teeth. However, a few bacteria can be harmful when grow in high number. Proper brushing and flossing will help to keep the harmful bacteria under control. When it does not happen, you face gum infections.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

How do I know if I have gum disease? Gum disease may not be painful at the beginning. So, it is difficult to be detected at the early stage. However, unusual redness around gum area is an indication of gum infection. As gum disease progresses, oozing blood from gum or teeth roots can be experienced.