A tooth extraction, which removes one or more teeth from the mouth, is generally considered a last resort for dentists – in most cases, they’ll want to save your tooth, or at least preserve as much of the structure as possible. However, there are some situations in which an extraction would be the most beneficial solution for a tooth and the mouth overall. Dr. Lance Collier, your dentist in Columbus, GA, will be able to examine the condition of an affected tooth and determine whether or not an extraction will be necessary.
There are two types of extractions. A simple extraction can be performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth (fully erupted). These teeth can usually be removed with forceps after anesthesia (local) has been administered. A surgical extraction is needed when the tooth is not as easily accessed, such as when it has not fully erupted or when it has been broken under the gumline. In these cases, surgery will be needed in order to cut through the gums to access the tooth and remove it. Dr. Collier will use general anesthesia for a surgical extraction.
Irreparable damage due to severe tooth decay: occurs when tooth decay has reached the center of the tooth where the pulp is housed. A root canal is usually effective for treating teeth in these situations, but if the decay is too severe, an extraction will be needed to prevent the infection from spreading to other teeth and/or the gums.
A solution to periodontal disease: Periodontal disease is essentially an infection of the gums, though the periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone, and other structures surrounding the teeth can also become affected. The earliest (and most easily treated) stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. As the disease progresses, the periodontal ligaments and alveolar bone start to get affected. Because a dentist’s general goal is to save your teeth, Dr. Collier may recommend using advanced periodontal therapy programs to treat periodontal disease and prevent further dental issues. However, if a tooth has become loosened as the result of gum disease, the best option may be a tooth extraction.
To remove an impacted tooth: A tooth that is blocked from coming out or comes in at an angle is called impacted and can have a negative effect on the surrounding teeth and gums. Wisdom teeth are usually impacted and will require extraction.
Eliminate teeth overcrowding: usually recommended when orthodontic treatment is planned. If there is no room for the teeth to move and realign, the treatment will not work.
If your dentist has recommended a tooth extraction, you can be fairly sure that it is because it is the best option for your oral health. Dr. Collier and his team in Columbus, GA are equipped to thoroughly analyze your teeth to make this determination and are highly-qualified to perform the procedure.